Ana AAV Today Preliminary Evaluation of an OTC "Disinfectant"

Preliminary Evaluation of an OTC "Disinfectant"

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Cilt:
1
Dil:
english
Dergi:
AAV Today
DOI:
10.2307/27670225
Date:
April, 1987
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Treatment of Organophosphate Toxicosis in Columba Livia

Yıl:
1987
Dil:
english
Dosya:
PDF, 186 KB
Association of Avian Veterinarians

Preliminary Evaluation of an OTC "Disinfectant"
Author(s): Alan Fudge
Source: AAV Today, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Jan., 1987), p. 14
Published by: Association of Avian Veterinarians
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27670225 .
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My

?top&ue*tce...

IME: Amazon
Color

IME: Accessing

Feather

Differences

Noted

With regard to IME 671, we found
that color differences in the last
speculum feather of Red-lored parrots
in Tamaulipas-Veracruz,

originating
were

Mexico

not

an

accurate

determinant of sex. When I surgically
sexed six of these birds, two of three
females had yellow feather borders; one
of three males had yellow feather
borders.

?

Ron Hi?es,

Texas

IME: Cryogenic
of Budgerigar
Successful

Storage

Semen

cryogenic

preservation

off

the press"

domestic

avian

of

the semen of a psittacine species
(Melopsittacus undulatus) was achieved
in this graduate degree study. Two
diluents (BPSE and acetate), two
dilution rations (1:2 and 1:3), different
holding and equilibration times varying
between 15 and 60 minutes, and several
levels of DMSO were used to freeze
Five of 64 combinations, all with 10%
DMSO, were found to yield mean
motilities greater than 70% u; pon
thawing; four of these were with acetate
and a dilution ratio of 1:2. Holding and
equilibration times of 30, 45, and 60
minutes were found to be optimum, but
significant interaction was found
between diluent, dilution ratio, and
holding and equilibration time.
Successful artificial insemination (AI)
the

achieved:

semen

frozen-thawed

was

also

1 of 2 eggs produced was

or office.

home

Florida

and

are

surgery

Several

database

suppliers are offering literature retrieval
services

to veterinary

pertaining

medicine.

an

be

Atlantic

source

excellent

of

avian

articles

particularly

from

non

you

..although Princess Parrots (Polytelis
alexandrae)

are

relatively

common

in

aviaries, because this species inhabits the
arid interior of Australia, the last
sighting in the wild was ten years ago.

disk storage is important (preferably
hard disk) so that search information
can be downloaded at high speed into
your computer and printed out later.
Full citations and up to one-page
English abstracts can be recovered. Cost
is $55.00/hour, plus $0.35/record
plus telecommunications
in U.S.). Access
charges ($6-10/hour
at any major

available

worldwide.

A typical search of under 10

on

minutes

is
area

metropolitan

a single

topic

costs

usually

under $20.00. Some university libraries
and private services will do the search
for you

?

for an

additional

Alan M.

Heights,

Fudge,
California

fee.

Citrus

DVM,

"Disinfectant"
Mardel

manufacturers

Labs,
and

Ornacyn

other

OTC

of

counter) drugs, has picked up the clue
from

avian

about

veterinarians

the

importance of disinfecting the avian
environment. CAGE GUARD
(TM)
and WATER GUARD
(TM) have
recently been introduced. How effective
are

these

In the laboratory, we plated out
WATER GUARD against clinical
isolates

of E.

times

the

coli

and

of one,

Pseudomonas.
two

recommended

and

four
were

dosage

then

plated
results

out.

The

showed

semi
no

requirements.
Our
the

start

preliminary
same as routine

of

of

organisms

the

evaluation.

was

evaluation
as

usage,
were

not

fairly

used

However,

high

at

the

if the

active ingredient were hypochlorite or
chlorhexidine, itwould have to be a
very weak solution and therefore
ineffective, as these products have their
definite shortcomings with many gram
negative

organisms,

recommended

reduction

Some factors to consider are
1) the
active ingredients are listed as "mixed
halogen oxides," which could mean
anything including very dilute
hypochlorite (bleach) or chlorhexidine
(Nolvasan, Chlorasan)\ 2) the visual and

the product

suggests

ismostly water; 3) the product is
supposedly safe for daily use in the
drinking water, and 4) it is presumably
dilute enough to evade EPA labeling

numbers

products?

Concentrations

evaluation

olfactory

(over-the

of bacterial count at any of the
know..

and

Sufficient

IME: Preliminary Evaluation of an OTC

concentrations.
Did

software.

sources.

American

quantitative

University

a modem

with

telecommunications

a

include

requirements
computer

downloaded,

literature,
North

hours,

Tim Hargrove,

Hardware
personal

incubated at room temperature for 48

fertile.

?

medicine

via Computer

current

in non

topics

spread out in numerous publications
throughout the world. Now, with the
advent of personal computers, this
information is available right in your

semen.

using

Literature

The undisputed best database (for
veterinary medicine) is Commonwealth
Agricultural Bureaux (CAB), which is
available only through Dialog
Information Services, Inc., 3460
Hillview Ave, Palo Alto, CA 94304
I have found CAB to
(800-3-DIALOG).

San Antonio,

DVM,

for AAV TODAY,

Except
"hot

World

^

even

?en used

at

concentrations.

I don't feel thatWATER GUARD
will protect your clients' water dishes,
but it is probably almost as safe as
drinking water. I will continue to
recommend detergent wash
quaternary

ammonium

?

Alan Fudge, DVM,
Heights,
California

14 THE AVIAN PRACTITIONER

This content downloaded from 195.78.109.194 on Wed, 11 Jun 2014 00:04:28 AM
All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions

followed by

(Roccal)

Citrus

soak.